This directory contains automated integration tests for Cockpit, and the support files for them.
To run the tests on Fedora, refer to the HACKING guide for installation of all of the necessary build and test dependencies. There’s no need to trigger a build manually - the test suite preparation step below will handle that.
If test failures are encountered that look like they may be related to problems with nested virtualization, refer to this Fedora guide for more details and recommendations on ensuring it is enabled correctly.
Before running the tests, ensure Cockpit has been built where the test suite expects to find it (do NOT run the build step as root):
To run the integration tests run the following (do NOT run the integration tests as root):
The tests will automatically download the VM images they need, so expect that the initial run may take a couple of hours (there are quite a few images to retrieve for different scenario tests).
Alternatively you can run an individual test like this:
$ ./bots/image-prepare $ ./test/verify/check-session
To see more verbose output from the test, use the
$ ./test/verify/check-session --verbose --trace
In addition if you specify
--sit, then the test will wait on failure and allow
you to log into cockpit and/or the test instance and diagnose the issue. An address
will be printed of the test instance.
$ ./test/verify/check-session --trace --sit
Normally each test starts its own chromium headless browser process on a separate random port. To interactively follow what a test is doing, start the browser manually and tell the test which debug port it should attach to:
$ chromium-browser --remote-debugging-port=9222 about:blank $ TEST_CDP_PORT=9222 ./test/verify/check-session --trace
The verify test suite is the main test suite:
test/verify/run-tests: Run all tests
test/verify/check-*: Run the selected tests
You can set these environment variables to configure the test suite:
TEST_OS The OS to run the tests in. Currently supported values: "centos-7" "debian-stable" "debian-testing" "fedora-28" "fedora-29" "fedora-atomic" "fedora-testing" "rhel-7-5" "rhel-7-5-distropkg" "rhel-7-6" "ubuntu-1604" "fedora-28" is the default (testvm.py) TEST_DATA Where to find and store test machine images. The default is the same directory that this README file is in. TEST_JOBS How many tests to run in parallel. The default is 1. TEST_CDP_PORT Attach to an actually running browser that is compatible with the Chrome Debug Protocol, on the given port. Don't use this with parallel tests.
Test machines and their images
The code under test is executed in one or more dedicated virtual machines, called the “test machines”. Fresh test machines are started for each test. To pull all the needed images for a given commit, use:
A test machine runs a “test machine image”. Such a test machine image contains the root filesystem that is booted inside the virtual machine. A running test machine can write to its root filesystem, of course, but these changes are (usually) not propagated back to its image. Thus, you can run multiple test machines from the same image, at the same time or one after the other, and each test machine starts with a clean state.
A test machine image is created with image-create, like so:
$ bots/image-create -v fedora-atomic
The image will be created in
$TEST_DATA/images/. In addition a link
reference will be created in
If you wish that others use this new image then you should commit the
new reference link, and use
image-upload to upload the new image. You
would need to have Cockpit commit access to do this:
$ bots/image-upload fedora-atomic
There is more than one test machine image. For example, you might want to test a scenario where Cockpit on one machine talks to FreeIPA on another, and you want those two machines to use different images.
This is handled by passing a specific image to image-create and other scripts that work with test machine images.
"fedora-NN" -- The basic image for running the development version of Cockpit. This is the default. "fedora-stock" -- A stock installation of Fedora, including the stock version of Cockpit. This is used to test compatibility between released versions of Cockpit and the development version. "ipa" -- A FreeIPA server. "openshift" -- An Openshift Origin server.
A test machine image created by image-create doesn’t contain any Cockpit code in it yet. You can build and install the currently checked out working copy of Cockpit like this:
This either needs a configured/built tree (build in mock or a development VM) or cockpit’s build dependencies installed.
image-prepare will prepare a test machine image used for the next test run,
but will not modify the saved version in
vm-reset to revert the test machine images for the next run to the
A typical sequence of steps would thus be the following:
$ bots/image-download $ test/vm-reset # Start over $ tools/make-rpms # Create rpms $ bots/image-prepare ... # Install code to test $ test/verify/check-... # Run some tests $ test/vm-reset # Start over $ bots/image-prepare ... # Install code to test $ test/verify/check-... # Run some tests
Once you have a test machine image that contains the version of Cockpit that you want to test, you can run tests by picking a program and just executing it:
Many of the verify tests can also be run against an already running machine. Although be aware that lots of the tests change state on the target machine.
$ test/verify/check-connection --machine=10.1.1.2
test/containers/ tests use the same VMs as the above
But they don’t have a separate “prepare” step/script; instead, the first time
test/containers/run-tests you need to use the
-i option to
build/install cockpit into the test VM. This needs to be done with a compatible
TEST_OS (usually a recent
The third class of integration tests use avocado and selenium to cover different browsers:
$ bots/image-download selenium $ bots/image-prepare fedora-28 $ TEST_OS=fedora-28 test/avocado/run-tests --selenium-tests --browser=firefox -v
Currently, these tests run on Fedora 28. Other images don’t have selenium and avocado installed.
If you pass the
-s (“sit on failure”) option to a test program, it
will pause when a failure occurs so that you can log into the test
machine and investigate the problem.
A test will print out the commands to access it when it fails in this
way. You can log into a running test-machine using ssh. If you add
a snippet like this to your
~/.ssh/config then you’ll be able to
log in without authentication:
Host 127.0.0.2 User root StrictHostKeyChecking no UserKnownHostsFile /dev/null IdentityFile ~/src/cockpit/bots/machine/identity
You can also put calls to
sit() into the tests themselves to stop them
at strategic places.
Guidelines for writing tests
It is OK for a test to destroy the test machine OS installation, or
otherwise modify it without cleaning up. For example, it is OK to
remove all of
/etc just to see what happens. The next test will get a
pristine test machine.
A fast running test suite is more important than independent, small test cases.
Thus, it is OK for tests to be long. Starting the test machine is so slow that we should run as many checks within a single session as make sense.
Still, within a long test, try to have independent sections, where each section returns the machine to more or less the state that it was in before the section. This makes it easier to run these sections ad-hoc when doing incremental development.